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ECHELON - GLOBAL SPI FIELD SYSTEM
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Bad Aibling
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Misawa
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Tangimoana
Diego Garcia
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Pine Gap
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Fort Meade
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ECHELON

American NSA (National Security Agency) created the largest global spy system under code name ECHELON, which captures and analyzes every phone call, fax, email, and telex message sent to anywhere in the world. Echelon controls the NSA and works with co-operation: Government Communications Headquarter of England (GCHQ), Communications Security Establishment of Canada (CSE), The Australian Defense Security Directorate (DSD), the Government Communications Security Bureau of New Zealand (GCBS). This co-operation, resulting from joint efforts during the Second World War to intercept radio transmissions, was formalized by a secret contract from 1948. under its name UKUSA And was primarily directed against the USSR. These five UKUSA agencies are currently the largest intelligence organizations in their own countries.

NSA
GCHQ
CSE
DSD
GCBS

The Echelon system is, of course, a secret network and therefore the governments of the countries involved in the system are very sensitive when they are accused of harassing thousands of their citizens. The US government still deny that the system exists at all. Knowledge about the existence of this system can only be thanked to the governments of Australia and New Zealand.
40 The last century, the New Zealand intelligence agency GCSB helped Western intelligence agencies spy on the Pacific, without knowing the New Zealand public and most politicians. Late 80s, in a decision they were likely to regret, the United States offered to join New Zealand with the ubiquitous global Echelon intelligence system. What the NSA did not know was that by the end of the 80s, many GCSB employees decided that such activities took too long for too much secrecy, and they decided to give interviews and reveal the secrets of New Zealand's spy activities. In the end, more than 50 people who worked in intelligence and related activities decided to speak ... Of course, the only idea that intelligence services fall into e-mail, fax and telephone communications is nothing new. What is New Zealand's "distinction" is different from the fact that in the materials it proclaims, the New Zealand intelligence staff finds precise information on where only spying takes place, what the system is doing, what its capabilities, its shadows, and many details like code names . The activities they described allowed to document some of the systems and projects that relate to the entire alliance, which have long been kept in strict secrecy. Of these systems, the most important is ECHELON.

Work principles

The Echelon system is, in fact, very easy to conceive: transiting stations located across the planet Earth to capture all satellite, microwave and radio communications over optical cables and process this information through a large network of NSA computers, including advanced voice recognition and signage " OCR (Optical Character Recognition), seeking keywords or phrases (known as Echelon's Dictionary) that would make the computers record and forward to further processing and analysis. However, as opposed to most spy systems designed during the Cold War, ECHELON is primarily designed to spy on non-essential goals: governments, organizations, business entities, and individuals in virtually any country. It practically affects any person who communicates in international (and sometimes local) traffic, and is not designed to eavesdrop on an e-mail, fax, or phone of a particular individual. Instead, the system works by unrepeatably intercepting huge amounts of said communications, and by using computers it selects potentially interesting messages of uninteresting masses.

Echelon Network

The Echelon network extends across the Earth and reaches the universe. A chain of listening stations, literally around the world, has been set up, which intercepts all the significant components of international telecommunication networks. Some control over communication satellites, some land-based communications networks and other radio communications. ECHELON has networked all these facilities (land interceptors, ships under the command of secret services on seven seas and super-secret satellites that "spin" at the 20000 miles above our heads) by providing the NSA and UKUSA members with the ability to intercept a great deal of communication on planet. We must not forget either submarines which descend to the great depths above maritime cabling and capture everything that is being transmitted to these cables.

Maritime cables in the Mediterranean

Very little signal can get out of this electronic handle. Upon agreement by the UKUSA members, they decided that every agency would direct their electronic tapping "suction" equipment to some part of the globe so that they could search for and track every minute of the signal. The NSA in America covers the communication signals of both continents, GCHQ in the UK is responsible for Europe, Africa and Russia west of Ural, DSD in Australia participates in the SIGINT group for Southeast Asia and the Southwest Pacific and the East Indian Ocean, GSCB in New Zealand Responsible for the South Pacific, ie for all the island groups in it; CSE in Canada is dealing with North Russia, North Europe and American Communications.

Listening stations

The first component of the ECHELON network are huge tapping stations specially targeted at international telecommunications satellites (Intelsat i Inmarsat) used by the majority of telecoms in the world, and through them the largest part of the telephone and fax traffic flows between countries and continents, primarily civil telecommunications traffic, but also diplomatic and government communications, which is of great importance to UKUSA members. The ring of twenty Intelsata is positioned in a geostationary orbit above the equator, each serving as a relay for tens of thousands of simultaneous phone calls, faxes, and e-mails. Five UKUSA toll stations have been set up to intercept the communications Intelsati transmits:
The British GCHQ station is located on top of the steep cliffs above the sea at Morwenstow's Cornwall. The satellite dishes are geared toward Intelsat over the Atlantic, Europe, and are almost blown up to the horizon above the Indian Ocean.
NSA station code Sugar Grove located 250 miles southwest of Washington, DC, in the mountains of West Virginia covers Intelsate over the Atlantic, which emanates to southern and northern America.
Another NSA station is in Washington (the ultimate northwest of the United States) 200 km southwest of Seattle, within the Yakima military poligon (Yakima Firing Center). The Yakima Station targets the communications of the Pacific Ocean of the Northern Great Plains and the Far East. Replacing the satellite Intelsat 5 series with Intelsat 701 i Intelsat 703 satellites, which had more focused transmission, prevented the Yakima base from receiving the Southern Hemisphere signal, and replaced the tachystems in Australia and New Zealand. Their SouthPacific location allows for global interception.
New Zealand gives the code Waihopaiof Australia Geraldton become in Western Australia, covering the Asia, South Pacific and Pacific.
New Nigerian intelligence staff was closely involved in the NSA's Yakima since 1981, when the NSA persuaded GCSB to participate in the interception project of the Japanese embassy. Since then, all five UKUSA agencies have been responsible for overseeing diplomatic channels from all of Japan's offices in the same part of the globe as they are in charge of general oversight. Until New Zealand's integration into Echelon by opening Waihopai becomes 1989. His part of the interception of Japanese communications is delightful in Yakimi and the salad is untreated at the GCSB headquarters in Wellington to decode, translate, and print in the UKUSA intelligence report format (NSA supplied shredding programs).
There is also an additional cell on the island Ascension in the Atlantic Ocean between Brazil and Angola allegedly intercepting Intelsat's communications to the South Pole of the Atlantic.
The other satellites are tracking the same cells as well as from the base in Menwith Hill In England, Shoal Bay In Australia, Leitrim in Canada, Bad Aibling in Germany and Misawa in Japan. These are satellites that mostly serve Russian and regional telecommunications. It is well known that the Leitrim base intercepts South American satellite communications, including Morelos satellites owned by a Mexican phone company.
A few dozen intercepting bases are scattered all over the Earth, and are located in military bases on a foreign territory. Such stations play a very important role in timing, as most of the world's communication takes place on radio frequency bands. The HF area of ​​radio communications is important because they serve satellites that then transmit that information to military ships and aircraft around the world. VHF and UHF areas are somewhat shorter, but are also used for tactical military operations within state borders. The main types of tapping stations of this type in the UKUSA network are Tangimoana in New Zealand, Bamaga in Australia and the base on the atoll Diego Garcia in the Indian Ocean.
The special network HFDF (High Frequency Direction Finding) intercepts communication signals just to locate positions of ships and aircraft. When these cells are not involved in message analysis, they play an important role in overseeing the movement of mobile military targets. The biggest role in the HFDF spying mode was the Canadian CSE under the code name ClassicBullseye and was the main base of the Atlantic and Pacific Ocean bases when watching Soviet ships and submarines during the "Cold War." The stations from Kingston and Leitrim (Ontario) to Ganders (Newfoundland) on the Atlantic side watched the Arctic and tapped the Russian submarine bases in Petropavlovsk and Vladivostok. The CSA also reaches a small air base contingent Lackland Air Force Base In San Antonio (Texas) who most likely oversees communication targets in South America.

Echelon Satellite Systems

Very Important Support to the System Echelon is the American spy satellite network that connects the broadcast of all the bases scrapped by the UKUSA Empire. These satellites launched the NSA in collaboration with nursing spy agencies NRO (National Reconnaissance Office) i CIA (Central Intelligence Agency). Series Ferret From 60's, Canyon, Rhyolite i Aquacade satellites from 70 and Chalet, V, Magnum, Orion, the Jumpseat the series of satellites have been replaced Mercury, Mentor i Trumpet Satellites in 90's for years.

CIA
NRA
Satellite
Join
Orbit (miles)
Manufacturer
Purpose
Advanced KH-11
3
200
Lockheed Martin Spy photos of resolution 5 inches
LaCrosse Radar Imaging
2
200 - 400
Lockheed Martin spy photos resolution 3-10 rate
Orion / Vortex
3
22 300
TRW telecoms surveillance
Trumpet
2
200 - 22300
Boeing Mobile Phone Surveillance
Parsau
3
600
TRW ocean surveillance
Satellite Data System
2
200 - 22300
Hughes data transfer
Defense Support Program (DSP)
4+
22300
TRW / Aerojet Early Warning About Rocket Launches
Defense Meteorological Support Program
2
500
Lockheed Martin meteorology, detection of nuclear strikes
These surveillance satellites work as a big shovel that captures all electronic communications, cell phone conversations, and various radio transmissions. Stations controlling the operations and routing of these satellites are under the control of the United States, despite their locations in foreign military bases. The two most important centers for reception are Menwith Hill in England and Pine Gap in Australia.

The Mentown Hill Base

The Mentown Hill base is located in the area of ​​North Yorkshire near Harrogate in England. How much of her role in the entire Echelon system is important, as well as the European Parliament report from 2001. which states that "all email, telephone, and fax communications across Europe are routinely crossed by the US NSA, transfer all key information from the European continent to London and then send via satellite to Fort Meade (Maryland) with the help of equipment at Menwith Hill. "The existence and importance of this station was first explored by British journalist and researcher Duncan Campbell 1980. years. Today it is the largest spy cell in the world with more than 25 satellite reception stations and employs 1400 people from the US NSA staff and 350 members of the United Kingdom's defense ministry. After information has been released to the public, this base is the main target of the protest of peace activists and is under constant pressure from European governments, who are convinced that the whole network is involved in the surveillance of civilians and economic espionage. The beginnings of the Menwith Hill base go to 1951. the year when the British War Office and the US Air Force signed a land lease agreement offered by the British government, and 1966. the NSA took over the lease. By the middle of the 70, Menwith Hill used to intercept international leased lines and undiagnosed communications. With the arrival of one of the first sophisticated IBM computers in the early 60s, it was possible to classify a large amount of telex, which contained international messages, wirings and telephone conversations from various governments, economies and the civil sector and demanded any political, military or economic value. The same base of air looks like someone defeated golf balls. The base is protected with several fences and dozens of cameras.

Mentwith Hill systems
steeplebush 160 $ Million Worth Completed System 1984. had the ability to monitor the satellite whose construction started with 1974. years.
RUNWAY Moving east and west through various spy bases this system receives signals from Vortex Satellite II. generations and collects the communication traffic of Europe, Asia and the former Soviet Union. Then this information is redirected to the computer at Menwith Hill for further processing. It is possible that the Runway system is replaced by a system of the same purpose as RUTLEY.
PUSHER HFDF system covering the VF range between 3 and 30 MHz (radio transmissions of CB radio stations, portable radio stations and other radio transmitting devices). Marines, embassies, marinas are the main goal of this system.
MOONPENNY System revealed by British journalist Duncan Campbell in 80's for years. This system focuses on communication relay satellites belonging to foreign countries as well as Intelsat for the Atlantic and the Indian Ocean.
KNOBSTICKS 1 and 11 The purpose of this antenna system is not known with certainty, but is assumed to be geared to the military and diplomatic communication of Europe.
GT-6 #

The new system is installed near the end of 1996. which is believed to be intercepted by satellites III. generations such as Advanced orion or Advanced Vortex, and it is also possible to monitor the new Advanced Jumpseat satellite that is flying in a polar orbit.

STEEPLEBUSH 11 A modern version of the Steeplebush system from 1984. This computer system processes the information collected from the Runway receiver that collects traffic from Vortex satellites.
Silkworth It was constructed by Lockheed Corporation. The main computer system for Menwith Hill that processes most of the information gathered from various systems mentioned.

Echelon dictionary

Computers at each ECHELON toll station automate millions of messages to find those that contain pre-programmed keywords and within the network are known as ECHELON Dictionary kompjuteri (Rječnici). Such computers, which can automate search for keyword traffic, exist from 70's, but ECHELON has designed the NSA to connect all of these computers and enable these stations to act as an integrated whole. Keywords include all names, all locations, subjects, etc. that could be mentioned in relation to a particular sphere of interest. Each word of each captured message on each station is automatically searched to determine if a certain phone number or e-mail address is on the list. Thousands of simultaneous messages are read in real time as they are coming to the station, hourly, day after day, and computers are looking for an intelligence needle in the telecommunications shadow stand. However, today, when most of the world's business communications come by e-mail, fax and phone, spying on these communications brings a pile of intelligence. Tens of years before the introduction of the ECHELON system, the UKUSA allies performed data collection, but each of the agencies most frequently processed and analyzed data captured from their own stations.
Under ECHELON, the computer dictionary contains not only the keywords of the parent agencies but also the lists of other agencies. In the New Zealand transitional station at Waihopai (South Island), the computer contained separate search lists for NSA, GCHQ, DSD, and CSE, along with their own. Whenever the Dictionary comes up to a message that contains one of the agency keywords, it automatically separates it and sends it to the agency headquarters for the message. No one in New Zealand monitors or ever sees the intelligence that New Zealand's toll stations are gathering for foreign agencies. Therefore, the smaller UKUSA allies become operative for the NSA not at all different than the NSA itself has its bases located on their ground.
Every computer dictionary has a code name to distinguish it from others in the network. Yakima Station, located in the desert between Saddle Mountains and Rattlesnake Hill, has COWBOY Dictionary, while Waihopai station has FLINTLOCK Dictionary.
These code names are written at the beginning of each preset message before they are transmitted over the ECHELON network, enabling analysts to identify the interception site.


Echelon computers

When the electronic signals lead to the cell, they switch to further analysis through massive computer systems, such as Silkworth where character recognition programs (OCRs) and voice are further processed by a single message. These programs and computers are the last word of the technique and are already deeply touched in the future.
Graduate students Is part of the SILKWORTH computer that takes care of powerful keyword applications. PATHFINDER (manufactured by Memex UK), sheds large textual and textual search bases and keyword phrases - based on complex algorithms. Voice recognition programs convert conversations into text for further processing. The system VOICECAST Can capture individual voice patterns so that all conversations of an individual can be tracked. Practically, Echelon processes millions of messages per hour, and the vast majority of these messages are ejected after being read in the system.

List of official databases operating in Echelon 1979. including the second generation of Echelon

Messages that result in a "hit" are sent to agents of various UKUSA agencies. Messages are then marked with a four-digit code representing the message source or subject (eg 5535 for Japanese diplomatic communications, 8182 for communications referring to encryption technology ...), as well as date, time and code name of the base. The header of the message is the code name of the selected agency: ALPHA ALPHA (GCHQ), ECHO ECHO (DSD), INDIA-INDIA (GCSB), UNIFORM-UNIFORM (CSE) i OSCAR OSCAR (NSA). Then all these messages are sent to each agency headquarters via the main computer system PLATFORM. Each message is classified as one of the names: MORAY (secret), SPOKE (More secretly than MORAY), UMBER (top secret), GAMMA (Russian Interception) and DRUID (services forwarded to non-UKUSA members).

NSA Trailmaper software displays auto-detection of private networks within the STM-1 digital communication system

Conclusion

The real power of the Echelon system, therefore, is not the ability to capture any message, conversation, fax, or e-mail, but its ability to capture and break only those essential secret services.
Of course, this whole system is still a strictly confidential secret and conflicts with many governments and associations, but comes to the fore only when some of the results are seen. Discovering Rockets on Cuba 1962. the capture of terrorist Achille Lauro hijackers, the discovery of Libya's involvement in a bomb attack on a Berlin-based discotheque when an American was killed and many other tasks covered with silence and envelopes "strictly confidential" suggest that systems like this are useful, at least for the national security of the United States.
The latest finding is that over three billion phone calls, faxes, e-mails and other communications can be captured daily by the Echelon system. As far as the Internet is concerned, data shows that more than 90% of traffic is underway under Echelon control. This whole system may seem expensive and complicated, but try to imagine how many people should be involved in wiretapping the communications traffic of just one country, so that's a small Croatia. The numbers are easy to come - half the population that now lives in it. The former Soviet Union functioned in a similar way, where many people were employed in secret services, army and police, where neighbors intercepted and spied on each other. Of course, these people had to provide salaries and they could not do other jobs. Therefore, Echelon's systems are worth the effort, and the most money, which is known to what extent it is spent and is still heavily consumed.

"Data Workstation" software system that analyzes up to 10000 recorded messages, identifies Internet traffic, email messages, and attachments to them